Santa Barbara Castle Map, Description & Photographs Alicante (Castillo Santa Barbara), Alicante



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This Santa Barbara Castle Map shows the location of the various parts of the castle. Click a name in the left column below to highlight the location on the map.

Santa Barbara Castle Map, Alicante, Costa Blanca


Santa Barbara Castle (Castillo Santa Barbara) ,Alicante, Costa Blanca, Spain

Santa Barbara Castle (Castillo Santa Barbara

Santa Barbara Castle (Castillo Santa Barbara), looking from the sea ward side of the town

The enormous Santa Barbara Castle (Castillo Santa Barbara) is located on the 160 metre high cliffs of Mount (Mont) Benacanil just behind Alicante's sea front esplanade, Av J. R. Lafora.

Spectacular views of Alicante and the surrounding countryside can be seen from the castle ramparts.

Santa Barbara Castle was built by the Moors

Although this mighty castle perched as it is, on top of a mountain with sheer sides looks impregnable it was defeated on several occasions.  When the British had control of the castle they were defeated by the Spanish who dug a cave into the mountain side, filled it with gunpowder and lit the fuse, blasting the mountain apart and a good proportion of the castle with it.

Old drawings of the castle show this side of the mountain as been a fairly flat surface, now note the massive indentation in the centre of the photograph above that was cause by the blast of the mine.

Santa Barbara Castle is one of the biggest castles in Spain


Access to the Castle

Entrance to the castle is free

The entrance is on the far side of the castle away from the sea front.

By Car



The road up to the castle starts from Avenida de Jaime II, near the Marq Tram station which is 200 metres from the N332 the main coastal highway, excluding the Motorways (Autopista & Autovia)

Walking



There are alternative paths up to the castle, the best one is through El Erata Park with an entrance next to the Water Museum. This route gives spectacular views over the Old Town, Marina and  Sea Front

Sea Front Tunnel & Lift - Pedestrians only



Click image for larger photograph


Castillo Santa Barbara Entrance
to tunnel and  Lift to the Castle

Lift: The tunnel entrance leading to the lift is behind the elevated sea front buildings near the pedestrian bridge over the main road from El Postiguet beach. Look for the signs.

A small charge is made for the lift, tickets obtained from a machine in the tunnel just before the lift. There is a castle information office just inside the tunnel entrance where you can obtain a free castle guide book.

The tunnel is 205 metres long and the2 lifts rise 150 metres to the castle

There are discussions on renovating the tunnel & lifts to improve the humidity and make access easier for people with reduced mobility

There is a charge for using the lift around €2.40

The last lift down is at 7:45pm Summer, 6:45 Winter, 45 minutes before the castle closes

By Bus



  • The Alicante open top Tourist Bus, turibus goes to the coach park outside the Alicante Castle Main gate
  • The bus also visits other tourist attractions & has 10 bus stops throughout Alicante
  • Frequency About every 20 minutes
  • Bus Tour duration 50-60 minutes
  • Turibus

Outer Gate & Wall

The gate is wooden shieathed in iron and topped with skikes

The walls have loopholds for musket fire onto the approaches to the castle

Inside the gate is a stone sentry box

Second Gateway

There is a ditch infront of this gateway

Santa Barbara Castle (Castillo Santa Barbara) Photographs

Click on a thumbnail for a larger photograph



See how Alicante Castle towers over the sea front buildings



Castillo Santa Barbara framed by Palm trees



Alicante's Santa Barbara Castle with a tower of Casa Carbonell in foreground



Castillo Santa Barbara Battlement and inland view



Castillo Santa Barbara View over the Albufereta Peninsular



Santa Barbara's Queens (La Reina) Rampart and rock face



Melia Hotel with La Ronda beach on the left & Harbour on right, viewed from castle



Castillo Santa Barbara Inland side. Road   to Castle entrance above centre left. Coach park in front of far battlements



Town Hall, centre bottom, viewed from Santa Barbara



Santa Maria church almost on the lower slopes of Mount (Mont) Benacanil



View of the harbour, Casa Carbonell in lower centre & Melia hotel on left



Albufereta headland beyond the castle prison guard room



Alicante Cathedral lower centre



Canons mounted on the highest   ramparts of Castillo Santa Barbara



Marina & Port viewed through a canon port



Bull Ring lower centre as seen from Santa Barbara Castle



View Inland of the outer fringes of Alicante and the spectacular mountain backdrop



Castillo Santa Barbara outer Entrance & view over lower battlements



Castillo Santa Barbara Sundial, right of centre, on rampart



Castillo Santa Barbara Sentry Box with the gap blasted away by the massive mine



Castle rock face Alicante



Old Town nestled below Castillo Santa Barbara ramparts

Parts of a Castle or Fortification

Bastion



After the use of cannon Bastions replaced round or square towers which no cover to attacking troops who were close to the outamost portion of the bastion or curtain wall.

  • Bastions had 2 side walls that juted out from the curtain wall. The outer side was made up of 2 further wall that came to a point.
    • The Side wall of the Bastion provided covering fire along the curtain Wall and also the next bastion
  • The height of the bastion was greatly reduced, often to the same height as the curtain wall
  • The back of the Bastion was left open so that if taken by the attackers they had no cover from fire from the inner line of defence

Demi-Bastion



  • Also known as the Half-Bastion
  • These are used where covering fire is not required along one of the curtain wall. The bastion does not jut out on this wall.

Example

The Moraira Castle

Curtain Wall



The wall or walls that surrond a castle or divide it into defendable sections

  • The curtain walls usually have towers in older castles, or bastions after the use of cannon

Ravelin (Revellin)



A triangular fortification placed outside the the curtain wall & bastions

  • Was a popular style of outerwork.
    • Outerworks were placed to provide some protection to the cutain wall from direct cannon fire
  • Like bastions the inner side was left without a wall or a very low wall so as not to provide cover to any attacker who overwelmed the Bastion